Kaohsiung Museum of shadow puppet
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Popular puppet styles in Thailand include shadow puppetry and rod puppetry (usually known as Hun Krabok). Shadow puppetry is divided according to the puppets’ size, Nang Yai (large shadow puppet play) and Nang Talung (small shadow puppet play). Nang Yai was originally performed on the palace stage for the royal family; however, this has declined over time. Nang Talung still enjoys popularity in Pattalung. The brightly colored Nang Klang Wan puppets are used for daytime Nang Yai performances, while nighttime Nang Klang Kun performances use more plainly colored puppets. Craftsmen are required to dress in white and worship ancestral deities before making puppets, and finish the job within a day. Generally, the puppets need two supporting rods.

Nang Talung is very popular in southern Thailand and often seen at festive ceremonies. The puppets for Nang Talung are usually made with one movable arm and lower jaw. Some specific characters are given two movable arms, such as Rishi the Hermit and comical characters like Tua Talok. Their adaptations of the two famous Indian epics “The Mahabharata” and “The Ramayana” can include stories about American cowboys and contemporary movie stars due to the recent influence of Western pop culture.

Nang Talung is similar to Wayang Siam in Malaysia. For Hun Krabok, the puppets are based on the traditional Thai Khon dance, and the heads and arms are both supported by rods for flexible movement. The troupes usually consist of seven to eight people; the ringmaster, the assistant, and musicians. Troupe members for Nang Yai and Hun Krabok can number up to 17, and in general the ringmasters are the only narrators.
No. 42, Gangshan S. Rd.,Gangshan District,
Kaohsiung City 82060, Taiwan(Museum Hours)
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